© 2004 Nicolas Césard. All rights reserved.

Looking for kroto in Java


The kroto (Oecophylla smaragdina) in the Malingping area, West-Java, Indonesia : harvesting and commercialization of a significant animal resource. In Indonesia, the collection and commercialization of  non-timber forest products give regular or extra income to the main agricultural activity, rice farming. On the island of Java, many rural families benefit from the selling of the asian weaver ant’s larvae, Oecophylla smaragdina (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera : Formicidae), as songbird food or fishing bait. The paper presents the local knowledge and practices related to that minor, but economically essential, animal resource. The aim is to confront the resource’s local management and ecology, as much as to show the production-commercialization system of its
traded produce, called kroto.

Césard, N. 2004. Le kroto (Oecophylla smaragdina) dans la région de Malingping, Java Ouest, Indonésie : collecte et commercialisation d’une ressource animale non négligeable, Anthropozoologica, 39 (2), pp. 15-31.

Césard, N. 2004. À la recherche du kroto : la collecte commerciale des fourmis tisserandes en Indonésie, Insectes, OPIE-INRA, n° 132 (1), pp. 3-6.

Césard, N. 2004. The harvesting and commercialization of kroto (Oecophylla smaragdina) in the Malingping area, West Java, Indonesia, in Kusters, K., Mulcahy, G. and Belcher, B. (eds.). Forest products, livelihoods and conservation: case-studies of NTFP systems. Volume 1 – Asia. Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia: 61-77

Césard, N., Azhar, I. 2003. Kroto, ant larvae and pupae, in C. Lopez and P. Shanley (eds.) Riches of the Forest: food, spices, crafts and resins of Asia, Restitution Volume. CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia: 37-40. Translated in Indonesian (2005) et Japanese (2007).

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